List of antipsychotic drugs for adults prescribed to children

• First-generation antipsychotics include chlorpromazine, droperidol, flupenthixol, fluphenazine, haloperidol, mesoridazine, perhpenazine, pimozide, prochlorperazine, promethazine, thioridazine, thiothixene, trifluoperazine, and zuclopenthixol

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• Second-generation antipsychotics include aripiprazole, clozapine, olanzapine, paliperidone, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone .

• Chlorpromazine, loxapine and methotrimeprazine were the three most prescribed first-generation antipsychotics to youth in B.C. in 2010-11. Health Canada’s drug product database shows the label recommends chlorpromazine for schizophrenia and mania or bi-polar disorder in adults.

• Risperidone, quetiapine and olanzapine were the three second-generation antipsychotics most prescribed to youth in B.C. in 2010-11. Health Canada’s drug product database says these three drugs are also used for schizophrenia and bi-polar disorder in adults.

• In 2010-11, the most common diagnosis associated with an antipsychotics prescription in children up to age 5 was hyperkinetic syndrome (overactive restlessness or hyperactivity, for example).

• First-time prescriptions of antipsychotics for youth by family doctors fell in 2011 while first-time prescriptions for youth by psychiatrists and pediatricians increased.

For more information on second-generation antipsychotics and their side effects, see keltymentalhealth.ca

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